The construction industry covers the processes involved in delivering buildings, infrastructure, industrial facilities, and associated activities through to the end of their life. It typically starts with planning, financing, and design. It continues until the asset is built and ready for use; construction also covers repairs and maintenance work and works to expand, extend and improve the asset, and its eventual demolition, dismantling or decommissioning.
The construction industry is made up of many types of building and civil engineering jobs. The construction industry includes jobs in carpentry, road construction, bridge development, and home design. This industry is one of the largest in the world because it is responsible for creating the infrastructure for cities, towns, and countries.
There are three major parts to the construction industry. These are general contractors, specialty trade construction, and civil engineering construction:
- General Construction Firms: General contractors build buildings and roads for residential and commercial construction projects, manage multiple sub-constructors on each project, and are responsible for the organization and oversight of plumbers, painters, and electricians working on building sites.
- Specialty trade construction: these are trade associations with a specific focus. Bricklayers, floor installers, and carpenters are just a few examples. The general contractor directs and guides the majority of specialized trade groups.
- Civil engineering construction: This area specializes in the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including public works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewage systems, pipelines, structural components of buildings, and railways.
The construction industry’s working conditions can be harsh and demanding. Professionals and workers are required to operate outside in a variety of challenging conditions, such as extreme cold and heat. A construction worker must be physically fit because he works long shifts that require intense physical exertion.
According to GlobeNewswire, the Construction Industry Market size was valued at USD 7.28 trillion in 2021 and is predicted to reach USD 14.41 trillion by 2030, with a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 7.3% from 2022 to 2030. The industry currently represents about 13% of the global GDP and an estimated 8.6% of the total global employment in 2014.
According to Mordor Intelligence, the African construction industry is expected to register a CAGR of 7.5% over the forecast period, 2022 – 2027. The African construction industry is changing as the construction projects on the continent are getting bigger. It is becoming a target destination for most large economies due to the availability of natural resources, investment opportunities, and a fast-growing consumer market. The money spent by African countries has increased over the last few years, and more growth in the sector is bound to happen over the next few years.
In Ghana, the construction sector appears to perform well, contributing to gross domestic product (GDP) and employment. For example, the demand for cement continues to grow. It reached an estimated 12.5 million tonnes in 2021.
The approximately $8 billion Ghanaian construction industry accounts for more than 15% of the nation’s GDP in recent years. The industry employs about 420,000 people. About 2,500 active building and construction contractors currently operate in Ghana. The players comprise indigenous micro-enterprises, individual contractors, and foreign multinational civil engineering and construction giants.
Key construction sub-sectors in Ghana include:
- Housing and urban development, including the construction of residential buildings and municipal and commercial buildings.
- Infrastructure such as water and sanitation.
- Transportation infrastructure such as roads, airports, ports, and harbours.
There has been a strong demand for construction and infrastructure development for housing needs, road upgrades for freight transport, transport corridors for exports etc.
Fuelled by an increase in economic activity within the construction sector, cement’s price increased twice in Q1 2021. The prices of GHACEM, Dangote, Cimaf and Sol Cement have increased from GHS35, GHS38, GHS37 and GHS31 per 50kg bag to GHS45, GHS46, GHS45 and GHS44, respectively. This increase has forced the price of other building materials such as nails and paints, further influencing the cost and quality of construction. It is also the leading cause of delay in construction projects. Ghana still imports cement which limits the growth of the local manufacturer.
Infrastructure development is a focus of Kenya’s Vision 2030. In 2015 the $3bn construction sector contributed 4.8% to the economy. The Kenyan National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) 2016 reported that approximately 148,000 people are employed in the construction industry.
Players in the sector include indigenous micro-enterprises, foreign multinational civil engineering and construction giants.
Building and construction contractors are required to register with the National Construction Authority (NCA). However, a significant number of unregistered contractors operate in the informal sector. The construction industry contributed 5.6% to GDP in 2019 and employed an estimated 222,000 people. In 2019, the construction industry was supported mainly by the construction of private residential and non-residential buildings.
According to the International Development Research Centre, the industry is valued at roughly $5.5 billion and growing at 7% per year. The construction sector in Kenya is an essential source of employment for thousands of people. This is due to government policies such as the Kenya Vision 2030 and the “Big 4 Agenda” identifying affordable housing as a priority.
According to GCR (Global Construction Review): “Nigeria’s construction market is due to increase 3.2% annually between 2022 and 2025, supported by state investment in the infrastructure and energy sector”. Construction projects in Nigeria are driven by both the government and private investors. Projects covering roads, bridges, dredged waterways and ports, railways, hospitals, schools etc., in the country are financed by the government via total government funding, Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs), Multilateral Development Banks (MOBs), and Bilateral creditors. However, recent trends show that the government has used PPPs to finance projects that it cannot invest in due to dwindling financial resources.
According to Global data, the South African construction market had a value of $29 billion in 2021. From 2023 to 2026, the market is projected to expand at an annual average growth rate (AAGR) of more than 3%. Long-term industry production will also be helped by the government’s goal of producing 26% of all electricity from renewable sources by 2030. In addition, the government’s efforts to expand the number of Special Economic Zones (SEZ) throughout the nation will also aid in boosting the sector.
Regarding employment and economic growth in South Africa, the construction sector has been one of the most significant contributors to its economy. According to Business Newswire, In 2019, the value added by the construction sector accounted for around 4% of GDP, and it employed well over 1.3 million people.
The key contractors in the South Africa construction market are Roshcon, Balwin Properties Ltd, Basil Read Pty Ltd, Wilson Bayly Holmes-Ovcon Ltd, Dryden Projects, Group Five Ltd, Lesedi Nuclear Services (Pty) Ltd, Acciona SA, China State Construction Engineering Corp. Ltd, and Raubex Group Ltd.
Green & Sustainable Buildings
Green buildings optimise energy and resource utilisation, reduce waste during construction, and enable buildings to achieve net-zero carbon emissions. Green construction covers both the technologies to minimise a building’s carbon footprint and the use of resources and building models to reduce resources used. Green buildings are the construction industry’s future, and startups develop solutions to support green construction. In addition, they can improve residents’ psychological and physiological states and passersby.
Modular and Off-site construction: Fabrication, Pre-Fabrication
One of the emerging construction trends that allow for the designing, manufacturing, and fabrication of building elements in a factory is Off-site construction. Off-site construction reduces waste and transforms the construction lifecycle in terms of sustainability, workers’ safety, and quality by using innovative materials such as 3D printing technology, novel assembling techniques, etc.
The off-site construction involves volumetric construction, which includes modular and pod construction. This method allows for the prefabrication of heavy 3D models like homes and hospitals and the development of flat panels in walls, floors, or roof panes.
A smart city is a metropolitan area that uses various electronic methods, voice activation methods, and sensors to collect specific data. Information gathered from the data is then used to efficiently manage assets, resources, and services to improve operations across the smart city. A data analyst is also needed to assess the information provided by the smart city to address critical problems and the areas that need improvement.
According to Bigrentz, “the global smart city market is expected to grow 20.5%, reaching $2.5 trillion by 2025, and some of the biggest tech companies in the world, like IBM, Microsoft, and Cisco, are investing heavily in megaprojects to build innovative, sustainable cities. “
Building Information Modeling (BIM)
Autodesk describes BIM as “an intelligent 3D model-based process to assist professionals in managing buildings and infrastructure.” It enables users to create computer-generated renderings of buildings and utilities. BIM is also used by contractors in prefabrication, takeoff and estimating, planning and scheduling, and clash detection to improve their work efficiency.
- Collapsed structures
- Operational problems (investment climate, material inputs, human and organizational)
- Construction and Building Materials and Machinery
- Building and Construction Technology
- Construction Project Management
- Infrastructural Financing
- Real Estate Development and Management
- Design and Build in Public Construction
- Disputes Settlement in Construction
- Application of Information Technology in Construction Engineering
- Sustainable building/construction materials
Appropriate building systems and technologies
Increase in Collapse Structures
There is a rise in building collapse in Nigeria. It results from the use of defective or substandard building materials, a lack of required technical knowledge, noncompliance with building codes and standards, the use of nonprofessionals, and the high level of corruption that has ravaged every sphere of the construction industry, including government and private parastatals.
Need for Affordable Housing
The level of housing shortage in Nigeria has not been adequately emphasised, which is a significant issue affecting housing delivery. This issue is due to housing managers in Nigeria providing incomplete and inaccurate statistics and data. In addition, costs of building materials, low purchasing power, security issues, economic contraction, general inflation, high unemployment rate, and naira devaluation are some of the significant obstacles to affordable housing delivery in Nigeria.
According to Research Gate, in terms of funding, an estimated 12 trillion nairas (about 45.3 billion pounds) are needed to solve the existing housing scarcity problem. Furthermore, it is projected that in a 20-year time frame, an average of 56 trillion nairas (approximately 211 billion pounds) are needed each year to meet the demand for housing in Nigeria.
Shortage of Labour and Skills
There is a generational shift in interest in the construction industry. Today, there’s little interest in construction craftsmanship among millennials who prefer to take on savvier roles such as computer-aided design and less bricklaying. The rise in project complexity and lack of an experienced labour force have resulted in construction quality issues, employee safety concerns, and project delays. To address this problem are mentoring and construction staffing agencies. The mentorship programmes would provide guidance, training, and resources for people looking to enter the industry (undergrad students, recent college graduates, and current skilled workers). These programmes allow for the recruitment of additional potential employees. On the other hand, staffing agencies will be in charge of pre-screening and hiring skilled workers.
The most difficult challenge in the construction industry is ensuring that the various activities and tasks associated with construction do not endanger human lives. New hazards may appear like the weather or the landscape changes during a construction project, and old risks may take on a new form.
One of the reasons there are so many slips, stumbles, twisted ankles, and same-level falls on construction sites is because of the environmental changes. Furthermore, construction workers fail to make the necessary mental adjustments to avoid injury. For construction safety managers, this is one of the most frustrating issues. Worksite safety is nearly impossible unless human factors training is integrated into construction safety.
Need for Gender Diversity
It is worth noting that women have made enormous strides in the workplace over the last few decades in career advancement and the fight for pay equality. However, while most industries have seen a gradual increase in female employees, attracting women to the construction industry has been particularly difficult. According to a 2014 NCA construction capacity survey, women were underrepresented in the construction industry, accounting for only 19 per cent of the workforce and owning only 7 per cent of construction contracting firms.
A crucial issue in the construction industry is unconscious gender bias/gender discrimination. In addition, women who want to or have ventured into construction have been discouraged or deterred by gender bias. Therefore, the industry must address these issues if gender diversity is to be achieved.
SDG 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
Energy can be made affordable by lowering energy usage and reducing the cost of units of energy. Architects, civil consultants, and MEP consultants can all play significant parts in designing an energy-efficient building.
SDG 9; Sustainable Cities and Communities
To achieve sustainable cities and communities, the construction industry helps in:
- Building structures with detailed engineering, by the adept use of standards to optimize the building systems, digital building management systems, and energy-saving technologies such as smart lighting and HVAC systems. Smart traffic and waste management that minimize pollution also promote a sustainable approach to city traffic.
- Building structures that promote human health – for instance, by ensuring water is clean, air quality is high and the safety of occupants is preserved with appropriate lighting, surveillance, and security.
SDG 8; Decent Work and Economic Growth
Due to the large infrastructure gap that exists in Africa, a lot of job opportunities can be created by the construction industry. Closing these infrastructure gaps can also be key to catalyzing economic growth. Introduce innovation through constructing climate-resilient infrastructures which aid economic growth.
- Building Information Modeling: These are technologies used to create and manage the digital representation of a construction project. It provides access to data and information on a building or structure as its digital twin through which informed decisions can be made to simulate outcomes before it is implemented in the project site.
- AI and Machine Learning: Optimized workflows are essential to well-running projects and teams in the Architecture, Engineering & Construction (AEC) industry. However, due to the complexity of construction, workflows tend to be disconnected and manual. The three most significant areas within optimized construction workflows are communication, data, and transparency. AI is making it easier to succeed across all three of these areas, resulting in greater productivity and profits.
- Resource & Workforce Management: Solutions like these allow companies to access metrics and forecasting analytics to better allocate resources to the right projects at the right time. Workforce management solutions are especially important in our current economy, where volatile markets require firms to be as precise and efficient in their operations as possible.
- 3D Printing: We can expect to see 3D printing technologies continue to mature and grow in the future. As companies look for ways to improve quality control, address skilled labor shortages, and explore advanced designs, 3D printing will be here to help them make it a success.
- Digital Twins: A digital twin is a digital replica of a physical entity, including its potential and current assets, systems, data, processes, workflows, people, and devices. Digital twins gather data through sensors to better understand a physical structure and then create its duplicate. Since almost 80% of a building’s lifetime value is realized during operations, the data and insights provided by digital twins help owners better maintain their facilities, streamline operations, and improve capital planning.
- Advanced Take Off and Estimating Tools: The days of putting together quantity takeoffs and estimates using spreadsheets are over. Or at least, they should be. The rise of advanced takeoff and estimating tools are helping construction pros implement these processes more efficiently and with greater accuracy.
- Construction Robotics: Construction continues to be one of the most labour-intensive industries. It includes many repetitive and time-consuming tasks which can be done faster through robotics and automation. Construction robots also reduce human-induced error and losses due to fatigue. For example, collaborative robots automate bricklaying, welding, rebar tying, painting, and many such repetitive tasks with great precision. Robotics solutions also automate heavy equipment and fleets for excavation, transportation, load lifting, concrete works, and demolition. This increases construction worker safety and significantly reduces operational time.
Planning & Organisation
The ability to identify tasks; prioritize the execution based on how and when for the short term and long term. Setting up structures for getting things done and rightly allocate resources such as time, energy, and finances while meeting deadlines. This is an essential skill to have to thrive in the industry.
The Success level of each project is dependent on adequate planning and organization; the duration the project will take, the type of structures that will be built, the resources and materials needed, the number of teams needed, etc… must be put in place to aid the success of the project.
Networking & Teamwork
This has to do with one’s ability to build relationships and work smoothly with people from different disciplines, backgrounds, and expertise to accomplish a task or goal—respecting the differences and diversity as you contribute to team success. One must be able to work as a team with other professional team members; electrical & electronic engineers, crane operators, civil engineers, etc who will be working on a project together with you.
Numeracy & Financial Literacy
The ability to work with numbers, interpret numerical data, communicate your ideas quantitatively, understand financial reports and jargon—while making decisions based on this knowledge and understanding.
Making estimates of materials and resources needed to start or complete a project, keeping a financial record on a project.
Analysis & Problem-Solving
It is the ability to understand and break down a situation, understand the challenges, identify the key elements and issues and suggest solutions while envisioning the implications of different approaches.
Several challenges may come up while working on a project for which there is no pre-defined way to tackle such, one must be able to analyze each of the challenges, understand their uniqueness and proffer the relevant solutions to such challenges.
Digital proficiency is the ability to use information technology skills, devices, and applications to assess information, process data, communicate, and collaborate with others in getting work done faster and more efficiently.
Relevant digital skills to the construction industry include computer-aided design, visual communication design, and data analysis.
The construction industry is one of the largest employers of labour in a majority of countries around the world. This is because it provides numerous opportunities for professionals, technicians, and other providers of unskilled labour. Graduate roles in the industry include:
- Architects and architectural technologists
- Building services engineers
- Building surveyors
- Civil, structural, and geotechnical engineers
- Landscape architects
- Site managers
- Sheet Metal Worker
- Computer Aided Designers and Building Information Modellers
- Civil Engineer
- Compliance Manager
- Construction Director
- Contract Manager
- Design Manager
- Depot Manager
- Electrical Engineer
- Electrical Project Manager
- Environmental Engineer
- Energy Manager
Other skilled roles in the industry which do not require a degree include:
- Quantity surveyors
- Crane Operator
- Crane Supervisor
- Equipment Operator
The construction industry is open to people with a variety of qualifications. Speciality roles in the industry are available to people with Associate & Bachelor’s in Civil Engineering, Architecture, Building Technology, Urban and Regional Planning, Mechanical Engineering, Master’s Degree in Construction Engineering and Management, and Construction Project Management.
Postgraduate degrees are also offered in the following areas:
MSc in Environmental Engineering in Urban Construction
Master in Construction Engineering and Management
MSc in Building Information Modeling and Management
Master’s Degree in Engineering of Roads, Canals, and Ports
MSc in Building and Architectural Engineering
MSc in Advanced Design and Management of Durable Constructions (ADMODC)
M.Sc. in Civil Engineering
Master of Science in Sustainable and Energy Efficient Buildings
MSc Road Management and Engineering
MSc in Structural Engineering
M.Sc/M.Phil. in Building Structures
M.Sc./M.Phil. in Building Maintenance
M.Sc./M.Phil. in Construction Management
M.Sc./M.Phil in Building Services
Master in BIM Engineering
Management in Construction MSc
Evidence of continuing education such as certifications shows steadfast commitment to your future career. It lets your employers know you are dedicated. You’ll stand out above the rest with the proper credentials, increasing your value and worth.
The most common and valuable construction industry certifications that you can earn include:
Certified Construction Manager (CCM)
Associate Constructor Certification
Project Management for Construction Certification
Green Business Certification
Certified Safety Manager (CSM)
Certified Construction Manager (CCM)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Quality in Construction Course – Chartered Institute of Building Academy
Health Safety and Environment (HSE)
Building Information Modeling and Management
Construction Science and Management
Master in Contract, Claim and Delay Management in Construction Works
Competencies in leading computer-aided design and building information modelling software such as AutoCAD, Revit, and CATIA, from companies such as AutoDesk and Dassault Systemes are highly valued. Certifications are also available in these programs as evidence of these competencies.
Unlike some industries that require formal education, the construction industry does not require any formal education. Therefore, you can begin a career in the industry without a college degree or certifications. However, it is essential to note that formal certifications might not be required to start in the industry. However, having those certifications helps you scale up faster in the industry as several career paths need certain levels of education.
It is essential to apply for apprenticeship programs or internships with construction companies early in your career to build experience. In addition, the apprenticeship or internship programs get you familiar with the work environment and skills required for your career.
Working in the industry comes with many responsibilities. It requires being physically fit as the job descriptions need physical activities. Depending on your role/career path, you can work in a consulting company or with a contractor depending on your role/career path.
Working in the industry might require you to work eight to ten hours per day on a construction site or office, depending on your career path or job role. Sometimes, the working hours on site might be longer than usual. You might be working on shift bases (which may include nights) depending on the work done and the deadline for delivery. One satisfaction of working in the industry is seeing the end of a construction project; you get to see how the designs come alive from the panning stage until the final stage.
How Top Companies Recruit
The majority of top companies in the Construction industry recruit through an internship or graduate programs. Construction firms frequently collaborate with local colleges/universities to find candidates for internships or apprenticeships within the company. It is a straightforward method of construction recruiting because companies get to teach and train qualified workers who may eventually end up in full-time positions.
In addition, referral programs are a great way to find quality candidates to hire. It allows workers to refer/recommend trusted and skilled unemployed labour to companies in need of them. Some businesses in the industry have also embraced referrals as a source of new employees.
International Associations and Bodies
Confederation of International Contractors’ Associations (CICA)
Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Manufacturers Association (HEVAC)
Industrial and Commercial Heating Equipment Association (ICOM
Lift and Escalator Industry Association (LEIA)
National Association of Rooflight Manufacturers (NARM)
National Association of Shopfitters (NAS)
National Federation of Demolition Contractors (NFDC)
National Federation of Roofing Contractors Limited. (NFRC)
Technology and Construction Solicitors’ Association (TSCA)
Ghana Chamber of Construction, Association of Building and Civil Engineer Contractors of Ghana
The Association of Construction Managers of Kenya, The Kenya Property Developers Association, Kenya Association of Building and Engineering Consultants, Architectural Association of Kenya, Institute of Quantity Surveyors of Kenya, Kenya Federation of Master Builders, Roads and Civil Engineering Contractors Association
Association of Consulting Architects Nigeria, Construction and Civil Engineering Senior Staff Association, National Union of Civil Engineering Construction, Furniture & Wood Workers, Association Of Nigerian Construction Companies, Real Estate Developers Association of Nigeria (REDAN), Nigerian Institute of Quantity Surveyors, Nigerian Institute of Building(NIOB), Federation of Construction Industry
South African Forum of Civil Engineering Contractors (SAFCEC), Master Builders South Africa, Electrical Contractors Association South Africa-ECA(SA), Constructional Engineering Association (South Africa), Association of South African Quantity Surveyors (ASAQS), Small Contractors Association of South Africa, National Construction Incubator (NCI), SA Forum of Civil Engineering Contractors (Safcec).
Danladi Slim Matawal
Kwabena Adjei-Larbi, Greg Parbey, Frank Lartey, Frank Acheampong
Nzambi Matee, Kingori Mwangi, Kagure Wamunyu
Olajumoke Adenowo, Kunle Adeyemi, Mayen Adetiba, Nnimo Bassey, Abimbola Windapo
Faith Tshepiso Mabena, Thandeka Nombanjinji-Nzama, Sisa Ngebulana, Stephen Volker Brookes.
Construction Management Association of America (CMAA)
American Concrete Institute (ACI)
National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES)
CICA – Confederation of International Contractors’ Association
America Institute of Contractors (AIC)
The Chamber of Construction Industry Ghana, Ministry of Works and Housing, Ghana Ministry of Roads and Highways
Ministry of Transport, Infrastructure Housing, Urban Development and Public Works
Council of Registered Builders of Nigeria, Federation of Construction Industry, Nigerian Institute of Building, Nigerian Institute of Town Planners
Department of Labour
ACS Actividades de Construcción y Servicios S.A., Hochtief Aktiengesellschaft, VINCI, China Communications Construction Group Ltd., Bouygues, Strabag, Power Construction Corp. of China, China State Construction Engineering Corp. Ltd., Skanska AB, TechnipFMC, Actividades de Construcción y Servicios, Bechtel, China Communications Construction Company, Larsen and Toubro, Bouygues, Skanska AB, Technip FMC, Balfour Beatty, Kiewit Corporation, Laing O’Rourke, Whiting-Turner, Turner Construction, Turner Construction, Gilbane Building Company.
QuoteToMe, RatedPower, Rockease, Ruedata, SafeAI Inc SiteHive, SkyMul, SMART CAST, StructShare, Synhelion Tellux, The Building Machines Company ThroughPut.
Berock Ventures Limited, David Walter Limited, Inocon group limited, Asanduff Construction Company, Limerica Ghana limited, Core Construction Limited, Facol Limited, Jodi Construction Limited, Joshob Construction, Casapulo Ghana Limited, Asterion, De Simone Limited, The Zakhem Group, Plastic Route, SDCL Ghana, Maypat Dew Ventures, Mosag0s Group, Brick n Build, Elzo Building Construction Company, Gapson Company Limited, DaLion Royal, Harena Home Depot, A&L Construction Co. Ltd, Green Opal Properties, More Beyond Tiles Works
Epco builders, Put Sarajevo, Seyani Brothers, Intex construction, Landmark holdings, Associated construction, Cementers, Hayer Bishan Singh & sons, Laxmanbhai Construction, Parbat Siyani Construction, Lee Construction, Zakhem Group International, Centemers Limited, Kenya Builders & Concrete co ltd, Laxmanbhai Construction, Oaks Construction Company, Brima Building and Construction Company, Nyoro Construction Company, Questworks, Manpro system, Civicon, ARM cement limited, Mellech Engineering and Construction, Kisumu Concrete products, Vipingo stone mining ltd, Mentor management, Turner and Townsend Kenya, Jumba.
Civicon, Travaux Généraux de Construction de Casablanca, 14Trees, Benaa Today, Kadi, Almawwan, Femab Properties, H.F.P Engineering, WBHO, Oat Construction Nigeria, EstateIntel
WBHO Construction (Pty) Ltd, Raubex, Concor, Stefanutti Stocks, Motheo Construction Group, WK Construction, Lubbe Construction, CSV Construction, Aveng Limited, Fikile Construction South Africa, Motheo Construction Group, Wilson Bayly Holmes-Ovcon Ltd, Renov8 Construction, Basil Read Pty Ltd, Isipani Construction, Power Group, CAPECON, Iguana Projects, Ruwacon, WCB Construction, Tiber Construction, Domingo Construction, Lemay Construction, JVZ Construction, Tri-Star Construction (Pty) Ltd, Nejeni Construction And Project Management (Pty) Ltd, China State Construction Engineering Corp. Ltd, Ukhasi Construction, JNA Group, Renico Construction, Hustlenomics, WBHO, AFRISAM, Icon Construction.
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- Future Construct
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- The ConTech Crew
- The Construction Life
- A Viewpoint on Construction
- Nigeria BuildExpo
- The Big 5 Construct
- Association of the Wall and Ceiling Industry Annual Convention
- Groundbreaking Women in Construction Conference
- Cape Construction Expo
- SENHABITAT 2022
- Building Design and Construction
- Construction Executive Magazine
- Construction and Engineering Digest (CED) Magazine
- Journal of Construction Project Management and Innovation
https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210308005442/en/Kenya-Construction-Industry-Report-2020—ResearchAndMarkets.com https://www.whoownswhom.co.za/report-store/construction-industry-kenya-2017/ https://estateinnovation.com/11-top-kenya-construction-companies-and-startups-innovating-the-industry/
https://www.unep.org/youngchampions/news/story/building-blocks-greener-nairobi https://disrupt-africa.com/2022/06/17/kenyan-construction-tech-startup-jumba-raises-1m-pre-seed-round/ https://ke.linkedin.com/in/kingori-i-mwangi-6712531a0?trk=public_profile_browsemap